The blog of author Dennis Cooper

Bruce Baillie Day


‘One of the most perfect films that I’ve ever seen runs a total of three minutes. Shot in 1966, Bruce Baillie’s All My Life opens on a pan of an old picket fence framed by the blue sky above and a stretch of summer-brown grass below. On the soundtrack, you can hear the crackle and hiss of an old record that’s soon filled with the sounds of Ella Fitzgerald singing “All My Life” in a 1936 session with the pianist Teddy Wilson.

‘In many respects, the image is perfectly ordinary, the kind that you chance on if you’re driving along, say, a California road, as Mr. Baillie was when he popped out of a car, seized by inspiration. Yet, as the camera continues to float left and Fitzgerald begins singing (“All my life/I’ve been waiting for you”), something magical — call it cinema — happens in the middle of the first verse. As the words “My wonderful one/I’ve begun” warm the soundtrack, a splash of red flowers on the fence suddenly appears, as if the film itself were offering you a garland.

‘Of course it’s Mr. Baillie, now 84, who, with artistry and sensitivity — to color, nature and a camera movement that unwinds like a scroll — found the precise moment to join that song with those flowers, a union that illuminates the sublime in the everyday. The film’s genesis, Mr. Baillie told the writer Scott MacDonald in 1989, was that Fitzgerald recording and “the quality of the light for three summer days” on a stretch of Northern California coast. After days of admiring the light’s beauty, Mr. Baillie said he decided, “No, I cannot turn my back on this!” By the final day, he had begun immortalizing that light with a camera, a roll of outdated Ansco film stock and a tripod.

‘Mr. Baillie started making his first film in 1960 (or, more specifically, “my first creative thing in film,” as he once said), the year that Jonas Mekas announced what he called “the New American Cinema.” Invoking both the French New Wave and the British Free Cinema movement, along with John Cassavetes and Robert Frank, Mr. Mekas asserted that Americans would be creating an author’s cinema as liberated and spontaneous as the art of a poet or painter. It would be, Mr. Mekas wrote, “art as an action and not as a status quo; art as various states of feeling and not as a series of facts, nature mortes or pastiches.” He was describing an ideal, one realized by the likes of Mr. Baillie.

‘Contrary to Mr. Mekas’s geographic claims (“the entire reaction against Hollywood, is to be found on the East Coast”), the West Coast had long been home to essential avant-garde filmmakers. Given this, perhaps it’s no surprise that an audience already existed in the Bay Area when Mr. Baillie began exhibiting his films on an Army surplus screen in his backyard. Calling it Canyon Cinema, after a nearby California town, this alt-enterprise grew and eventually morphed into one of the country’s most important distributors for avant-garde and experimental work. Some of the films in the retrospective carry the distinctive Canyon logo. (Mr. MacDonald’s 2008 book Canyon Cinema: The Life and Times of an Independent Film Distributor is its definitive history.)

‘Soon after he began making films, Mr. Baillie’s art showed a formal complexity that would only increase. By 1963, he was already working in a more poetic, associative register in To Parsifal, which begins with what sounds like excerpts from scratchy maritime radio transmissions (“Pacific Standard Time, west, southwest, 14, partly cloudy”), an abrasive opening for what emerges as a meditation on the American West. As Mr. Baillie shifts from amber hills to the cobalt ocean and lush green mountains — his fluid marshaling of image and sound suggests an epic journey, one that’s complicated by his use of “Parsifal,” the Wagner opera about an Arthurian knight’s quest for the holy grail. There’s grace and grandeur in a shot of men working on a mist-wreathed train track, but also a sense of how destiny becomes manifest.

‘You can scarcely see the place for the forms in the stunning Castro Street (1966), a densely textured, heavily manipulated film that finds abstract beauty in the railway yard, trains and heavy metal of an oil refinery off a street in Richmond, Calif. Using effects like tinting, negative printing, matting and, most strikingly, superimpositions — mesmerizingly, the different layers often move in opposite directions — Mr. Baillie creates a film that represents less the world as it seems to exist than one that’s been refracted through his being. As he pours on the color, mixes in the chugs and clangs, evokes the Brothers Lumière and swings between the figurative and the abstract, the line between place and head space dissolves and a portrait of the artist emerges — brilliantly.’ — Manhola Dargis





Bruce Baillie Official Website
Canyon Cinema
BB’s films on Fandor
BB @ The Lux Collection
‘Master filmmaker Bruce Baillie’s lifelong search for beauty in all its forms’
Bruce Baillie Project @ Kickstarter
‘On Bruce Baillie’s fims’, by Michael E. Grost
Bruce Baillie Archives @ Stanford University
Bruce Baillie’s films @ MUBI
‘New Video Masters Available!!’
‘Communal Filmmaking: Bruce Baillie’s Work Still Inspires’
‘Un cinema che in-canta: Bruce Baillie’
Ed Halter on Bruce Baillie @ Artforum
‘Bay Area Bonus Tracks and B-Sides’
‘Bruce Baillie enseñó la verdadera vanguardia a Hollywood’
‘Bruce Baillie: The Innovative Filmmaker’
‘City Poet Bruce Baillie Returns’
‘Commute by Bruce Baillie’
‘Honoring an American Titan of 20th-Century Experimental Cinema’
‘The Films of Bruce Baillie’, by Harriet Polt
‘Bruce Baillie’s Songs of Everything’, by Chuck Stephens
‘Exploded View | Valentin de las Sierras / The Last Movie’, by Chuck Stephens
‘Exploded View | Serene Velocity / World on a Wire’, by Chuck Stephens



Bruce Baillie: Cinema of Senses Trailer – The Light & Sound Machine

Screening Room with Bruce Baillie – PREVIEW

Bruce Baillie & P. Adams Sitney | Art of the Real

THIS KIND OF THING-HE AND US: A Portrait of Bruce Baillie


from Flicker Alley


Flicker Alley: Your films, including Castro Street, are often named “poetic documentary” and have their style have likened to that of Dziga Vertov and other Soviet montage filmmakers. Were you consciously drawing from these sources as inspiration for Castro Street?

Bruce Baillie: You can erase all the cinematic references. I’ll see if there’s anything that’s a precursor in my mind, perhaps in the music world.

I played an Indian raag, traditional Indian instrumental music. The song I happened to be playing during the editing process [for Castro Street] was noted for its basic male-female dialogue. That was the nature of that music, and I knew that. I was fully conscious of that, and I wanted to implant that essence in my editing.

What did inspire you to create the piece then?

I had a job working in the oil fields for PG&E; [Pacific Gas and Electric]. They put me out in the oil fields with a huge shovel. I was in great shape then. There were three of us. They put me out there because I had already put in my notice to quit because I was working to get money to go to Europe.

I was driving my old Volkswagen between Berkeley and the oil fields in Richmond, CA with this job, and I remember the weather was such that there was kind of a rainy, flat sort of light that made all these pipes in the standard oil field stand out with a certain magnificence. The greens and the reds and so on.

Was it in that moment of seeing the rain that you decided to film it?

Exactly. That was the moment. I took the moment home to Berkeley in my head and immediately began to collect various items of my mother’s, glasses and the kinds of stuff you see in a person’s kitchen. Things you would see that would alter the imagery that I was planning to shoot. I was planning to shoot railroad switching yards that were adjacent to the refinery.

I came home with the impression of the colors and also assigning the film stock to it. I thought, “What about this old Ansco color that’s sitting around?” Nobody had any, and I claimed that it was the last role of Ansco color in the world. I had several rolls that I used in several films. It’s probably too bad that I used that instead of newer kind, but I didn’t have any money in those days. Canyon members used to buy me a hamburger. Poverty is an essential player in this recollection. I would add as a note to the film, “The filmmaker states that this is all made by hand, no computers, with a few dollars.”

In filmmaking, in the field, there is some kind of subject matter. You’re out in the field, and you’re collecting imagery and the sound perhaps. That may be a major period. In major movie-making that would be “production.” I recorded audio with an Uher recorder that records at 3 different speeds, thus 3 different octaves. I had gathered all the material in the field, which was in Richmond, CA, a funny little place; it’s mostly oil fields.

What was your editing process for Castro Street like?

What does [Stan] Brakhage call editing? Composing.

I prefer Brakhage’s term; it’s much more truthful about what we did.

The editing in that film is quite complicated, in the old way of editing film, non-electronic and non-programmed. It’s obviously a complicated film to make by hand.

I assigned a male aspect to one and a female aspect to the other. Then I listened to this [Indian raag] music to influence me thusly in the great universal spirit of the genders that make up our life. The two genders and their opposition and their composition, the “yin and yang” of the Chinese, and so on.

There I was at the very essence of composing that work, working in the absolutely unknown, more difficult than anything I’ve ever done. I was up at Lou Gottlieb’s Morning Star Ranch, near Golden Gate, which is another stellar aspect of that era. I had to borrow one projector, and I had one projector from Canyon [Cinema]. I was deliberately listening to [this Indian raag] over and over, day after day, as I edited in this little shed that I had immaculately cleaned. I reported to [cleaning] duty there every day after I had worked on my film.

It was in the exhausting, highly-concentrated composing of that work that I apparently set off the medical situation, combined with environmental toxicity & hepatitis, which daily affects my life.

You are a big proponent for the exhibition and distribution of independent and avant-garde films. Not only are you an artist in your own right, but you are also a steward of other filmmakers. What was the impetus to expand the scope of your career from filmmaker to curator and distributor, founding Canyon Cinema in 1961?

The question was posed early on by Stan Brakhage and his then-wife, Jane. They had moved to San Francisco for a short period of time. Chickie [Mildred “Chick” Strand] at the time was working with me as a co-operator. I started Canyon Cinema in Canyon, then moved and met Chickie in Berkeley and we operated it together.

Jane and Stan asked us why did we do this. I came over to their apartment for dinner. I had in the back of my mind to ask if I could borrow his camera. (I never had any equipment – I remember being in tears, sobbing in Berkeley, wondering how am I going to do this. Stan said “Well, Bruce, yes, I can loan you my camera, but if I loan it, I never want to see it again. Because that’s how I am. I don’t loan my camera, but I do give it away.” I, of course, turned him down.)

I could tell they were ready to pop the question: Why in the hell, Bruce, are you taking this on? It’s hard enough to make films on no money, with no resources.

I remember saying, “Somebody had to do it,” which is an old answer from films. But in this case, it was generating some positive issue, societal and general and civilizational. Somebody might say in a neighborhood, “Why did you take it upon to pick up all the litter? Why did you take it upon yourself to shout at all the speeders?”

So that was my answer.

How did I think about it prior to that moment? I had said to myself, look at the field. I thought, simply put, if I’m going to make films, I have to show them somewhere. That very terse objective statement was in my brain 60 years ago.

If I’m going to show films, where am I going to show them? There was no theater, no venue. That’s when the history of Canyon Cinema kicks in. I started looking at the Canadian Embassy and some French films. And then some guy in New York had made a film and that was the biggest thing in the world. Then Chickie and I had a San Francisco and a Berkley show each week, two shows a week.

We’re still trying to collect films. There’s a woman from Mexico that is coming here today. They’re doing a biography of my life. They’re going to do a big retrospective in January.

Moving forward from San Francisco the 1960s, how do you think the art scene has evolved today?

Talking to up and comers today, I often say that they should be aware that it’s not cute. It’s not fun, in a lot of ways, but sometimes there is such a great joy in being able to recognize something that’s created, like a mother with her little babies: look what I’ve made.

But I do warn people.

[Stan] Brakhage had a series of lectures at the University of Chicago, I think, and I was giving a show nearby. He was in the same motel by chance. (I didn’t know him too well at the time, and he turned me onto Johnny Carson. I thought Johnny Carson was kind of a phoney-baloney. I met Brakhage in the hotel lobby and said, well, I’ll take a look at it, too. From then on, i was a Johnny Carson fan.) Later, I went down to hear Brakhage lecture. He was talking about a theme that he’s also written and probably repeated as well to parents: Don’t turn your children toward poecy. Don’t let them become filmmakers. Don’t let them write poems. Have them become mailmen.

Why? Because of the financial hardships inherent to filmmaking?

No, because it’s impossible. Financing is only part of it. It’s as impossible as all the impossible challenges in the past of mankind. Think of the Spartans who were going to meet the Persians. There were, what? 40 Spartans and 40,000 Persian soldiers. It was impossible, but they found their spot anyway.

Heroic really means humanity overcoming the obstacles of living on this planet. I mean, it’s impossible to even get through the traffic from here to the next city.

What you’re currently working on? Do you have a final project in mind?

It’s a good question. I have to wonder myself. Sometimes I compare my own lifeline to that of Jack London, as an example of an artist or creative writer and how he had just written what he had had to write, and then he was still around. In his last novel, he portrayed himself, or perhaps betrayed himself, and had his protagonist go out to sea one last time, then leap over at the end because he had done his duty. It’s not that for me because I have a family, a really good family, and it’s a lifesaver.

I have been working on one piece that is called in English Memoirs of an Angel and it’s subtitled “Remembering Life.” Isn’t that intriguing? I’ve had sufficient time to come up with the right thing to say. I have voluminous notes, a huge folder, that began about 20 years ago. I had to do it on video because it’s the only camera I had at the time. I haven’t the money for film, and I don’t really have the energy to do the heavy kind of energy that I love to do.

In French, the title is Les Mémoires d’un Ange. Partly why I’m using French is because I’ve been doing several video pieces that are of less importance. In later years, simplifying becomes the code and issue of the artist’s pallet. It’s apparently part of nature, and I’ve observed this about myself, in my preferences and tendencies. I also don’t have the energy to make an enormous film. I’ve made several little films, some are on my YouTube site. Part 1 of Memoirs of an Angel is on there. It’s meant to be 3 parts. There is also an entr’acte – the intermission – which is one of my best pieces of work. It runs about 10 minutes and is in there.

That is one thing that is in the works. I don’t know if I’ll ever finish it. It’s only video, and I hoped that it would be able to be transferred to 35 mm, but not HD. Some of it is found material, kind of like Bruce Connors’ work, newsreels. I do a whole part on the World War II era because that’s when I was born. As a substitute for not making these creative films, my mind comes up with creative jargon. I like to speak publicly. My creative side gets a release.

I have a project called Les Papiers (The Papers). It alludes to when Stanford came and picked up my papers a few years ago. I recorded it, and I have some very nice footage of the locker where I had stored 34 boxes of this personal archivery. I decided to do it all in French. I had been listening to the Saturday French-Canadian broadcasting, listening to old music like Edith Piaf, and I’d record it. It will show letters that are now in Stanford’s collection. I shot a letter from Will Handle. He’s one of the most wonderful filmmakers of the ‘60s. He and I used to work together a lot. I would just do chores for him and work through tapes. We worked for CBS together for a while running up and down the coast. There’s a letter from Chick Strand from Mexico. A lot of letters from Stan Brakhage. Right now I’m talking with the new director of the Brakhage center about papers from him.

I’m also doing some preservational work. I have lots of notes.

I am going to propose to a foundation soon something called the Holy Scrolls which is an idea, a title given by our old friend Paul Arthur, a film critic and professor at Bard College. It is a collection of 11 hours of excerpts of all the unfinished films that I’ve worked on in the past years. I’ve cut it together. It’s work print all spliced together, that I spliced together in this very room. We have one that is entitled The Cardinal’s Visit that is the last film that I shot in the ‘80s. Holy Scrolls is awaiting digitization as soon as can get financing.

I have all kinds of audio and video tapes lying about me, in front of my eyes, in the works.


16 of Bruce Baillie’s 33 films
On Sundays (1961)
On Sundays is a cryptic, highly individual portrait of one woman (Jean Wong) and a city (San Francisco), capturing facets of womanhood and San Francisco that aren’t seen in Hollywood films. Baillie’s movies find secret histories, ones rendered obscure or ignored, and bring them to light. Sure, On Sundays follows Wong through well trod famous sights and settings, such as Union Square and the cable cars at Powell and Market. But even there, with seeming offhand ease, Baillie lands upon Weegee-like indelible shots — such as an almost hallucinatory look at endless rows of men on benches — rather than prosaic postcard images. When Wong treks SF’s natural vistas, Baillie is there to record it all with similarly awesome clarity. From mountaintop to skid row, he brings the same sharpness to visions of nature and architecture, even when the latter is disused and strewn with grafitti (shades of Weldon Kees’ 1952 Bay Area-set film Hotel Apex, but a huge improvement). At times, Wong seems to flit forward in tandem with the grinding of gears on the soundtrack. At other moments, the melodic music on On Sundays’ soundtrack seems to blow in tandem with wind-gust imagery.’ — SF360

the entire film


Mr. Hayashi (1961)
‘Bruce Baillie’s Mr. Hayashi might be thought of as a putative East Coast story transformed by a West Coast sensibility. The narrative, slight as it is, mounts a social critique of sorts, involving the difficulty the title character, a Japanese gardener, has finding work that pays adequately. But the beauty of Baillie’s black-and-white photography, the misty lusciousness of the landscapes he chooses to photograph, and the powerful silence of Mr. Hayashi’s figure within them make the viewer forget all about economics and ethnicity. The shots remind us of Sung scrolls of fields and mountain peaks, where the human figure is dwarfed in the middle distance. Rather than a study of unemployment, the film becomes a study of nested layers of stillness and serenity.’ — Letterboxd

the entire film


Here I Am (1962)
‘Bruce Baillie’s lyrical portrait of an Oakland school for emotionally disturbed children regards the world of the classroom with open curiosity. His camera thrives on the unpredictable movement of students and fog; every new composition is a new window unto the school space. This impressionistic style realizes many small epiphanies of play and private reverie. A soundtrack of bird-song and cello only deepens the quietude. Though filmed in a style akin to cinéma-verité, HERE I AM flows as a poem.’ — Fandor

the entire film


To Parsifal (1963)
‘It’s difficult to say exactly where or how To Parsifal is a lyric film and where or how a narrative work. For this reason, ordinary critical vocabularies (based on certain “types” of films) do not apply with much usefulness to Bruce Baillie’s abstractly assembled color images, nor to the nature and functions of his sound track. To get a sense of how this film works it will be necessary first to break it down, outline it, in order to see how the (implied) viewer puts it together. The 16-minute film falls neatly into two nearly equal parts, separated by fades to and from black. Part one depicts a sunrise, a journey out to sea in a boat, then gulls flying around the boat while fish are cleaned, and finally the journey back and the reappearance of land. This is, narratively, a reasonably clear presentation of a fishing voyage; the only strange thing, informationally, is the absence of human beings (except for the hands seen cleaning fish). In part two the setting changes from sea and coastline to a mountain forest traversed by railroad tracks. Workmen are seen repairing the tracks, after which a train passes through the forest while a nude woman stands nearby. The woman washes herself in a stream as insects move on ground and water. Then the workmen are again seen repairing the tracks; a train appears and a man’s hand pulls the woman away from the camera as the train continues through the forest, illuminated by a setting sun. The two parts function as one larger unit by similar patterns of development and by a strong sense of temporal progression. Part one begins at sunrise and seems to end during the afternoon. The second part begins at some time in the morning and ends with a sunset. Whether we are to take the film as occurring during a single day or during two days seems beside the point; the work has an almost mythic sense of time. As the beginning of part one and the end of part two are connected by the presence of the sun, the end of the first part and the beginning of the second are connected by the presence of mist (subtly underlined by the foghorn on the sound track during the darkness which separates the two units). Both parts exhibit a circular (symmetrical) construction which also contributes to the mythic—ritualistic—aspects of the work. This is most striking in the ABA movements of the fishing voyage: land to water to land again—voyage out, fish and gulls, voyage back. There is another large ABA structure at work in part one, not specifically connected with the story as such (though it contributes to the overall formal structure). This is the alternation on the sound track between music and “natural” sounds. The film begins with a coast-guard weather report, recorded (seemingly) on the boat. This continues to the fourth shot of the film, where it slowly fades out as music fades in—an excerpt from Wagner’s Prelude to Parsifal . This music continues almost until the end of part one, when foghorns and boat noises are heard, continuing through to the dark screen which divides the work.’ — Alan Williams

the entire film


Mass for the Dakota Sioux (1964)
‘”No chance for me to live, Mother, you might as well mourn.” Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa Sioux Chief. Applause for a lone figure dying on the street. INTROIT. A long, lightly exposed section composed in the camera. KYRIE. A motorcyclist crossing the San Francisco Bridge accompanied by the sound of Gregorian chant, recorded at the Trappist Monastery in Vina, California. The sounds of the “mass” rise and fall throughout. GLORIA. The sound of a siren and a short sequence of a ’33 Cadillac proceeding over the Bay Bridge and disappearing into a tunnel. The final section of the Communion begins with the OFFERTORY in a procession of lights and figures to the second chant. The anonymous figure from the introduction is discovered again, dead on the pavement. The body is consecrated and taken away past an indifferent, isolated people, accompanied by the final chant. The Mass is traditionally a celebration of Life; thus the contradiction between the form of the Mass and the theme of Death. The dedication is to the religious people who were destroyed by the civilization which evolved the Mass.’ — Fandor

Watch the film here.


Quixote (1965)
‘The bearded figure at the beginning of Quixote resembles Walt Whitman and the great poet’s influence is palpable in Bruce Baillie’s kaleidoscopic convocation of midcentury America, an under-acknowledged masterpiece of 1960s cinema. Quixote describes a journey across the land and soul of a divided land with the same melancholic wanderlust that infused Jack Kerouac’s On the Road and Robert Frank’s The Americans. Four distinct movements collect a litany of highway signs, Mexican farmhands, desert tarantulas, skyscrapers, high school basketball players, Indian reservations, old time religion, circus acrobats, antiwar demonstrators, wild horses, tycoons, supermarkets, comic books, jazz and the Vietnam War. The land is primary, though its meaning is held suspended in Baillie’s s swooning camera movements and preternatural optical effects. Praised as “the greatest American film you’ve never seen” by critic Chuck Stephens, Quixote remains an entirely unique atlas of the country’s spiritual currents.’ — Max Goldberg, Fandor

the entire film


Tung (1966)
‘Psychedelic colors distort the figure of a woman in era-revealing attire, allowing you the chance to see the beauty not of the woman but of the apparent meaning she has for the filmmaker, as he wraps her in color and tries to destroy the mundane visions of her in favor of revealing what more is there.’ — Letterboxd

the entire film


Little Girl (1966)
‘This film by Bruce Baillie, completed in 1966 but unreleased until 2014, is contemporaneous with Castro Street, but is much more formally connected to All My Life or Still Life, also from the same year. In three sections with three different formal strategies, Baillie shares distilled moments of found natural beauty as he encountered them in the North Bay outside San Francisco. The first section features a study of plum blossoms, rendered in rich, multiple superimpositions that allow the white flowers to explode into a blizzard of visual complexity, framed by a panning shot of purple mountains. In the second section, Baillie allows us a furtive glimpse of the titular little girl, waving to cars with her dog on the side of the road, lost in her world and thoughts. Bruce’s framing remains unadorned, feeling no need to add to or take away from a beautiful piece of simple portraiture. The third section, of waterbugs on the surface of a pond, remind us how remarkable and sensitive Baillie’s camerawork can be, as he observes their graceful dances, and the subtle light and water effects they produce by their movements.’ – Mark Toscano

the entire film


Castro Street (1966)
‘This is Baillie’s most famous film, which regrettably isn’t saying as much as it should, since his immeasurable influence has yet to yield the wider recognition accorded to other avant-garde masters. When I’ve seen this film projected publicly, the person introducing the program unfailingly stipulates that Baillie is not depicting San Francisco’s Castro Street, but rather an industrial byway in Richmond, out near the Chevron refinery. This confusion is one of those tricks of history; the very words of the title connote the unofficial headquarters of gay and lesbian culture in the U.S., while the film is ostensibly more neutral in its geography. But what can we see in Baillie’s film nearly forty years on? While these Castro Streets are inevitably distinct, how does the film bridge their gaps in our mind? Baillie has said that he conceived of the meshing structure of the film (a right-to-left pan in color, blended with a left-to-right movements in black-and-white) as an analogue to “masculine” and “feminine” principles coming together. [See Scott MacDonald’s interview with Baillie in A Critical Cinema 2 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992] This union is equally evident in the soundtrack, a collage of rumbling train sounds, gentle whistles, and pop radio. And even within the “masculine” passages of railroad space, Baillie lavishes a beautifying gaze on those conductors and brakemen. Outlying suburban spaces transcend their commercial utility. Grimy trackside labor becomes luminous. I am not trying to enfold Baillie’s film into a different history via an against-the-grain “queer reading,” but I am proposing that Baillie’s lasting achievement (in this and all his films) is his attention to the living surfaces of the physical world, the way he allows them to disclose themselves. The images of male beauty Baillie generates do not necessarily reveal desire, but a perceiver not as capable as Baillie of embracing the whole of the world might actively disavow that beauty, or merely pass it over in silence. As he did with his marvelous single-shot film All My Life from the same year, Baillie asks his audience to attend to the scenes unfolding before the camera as occasions for meditative contemplation of the rhythmic interplay of human and natural forces, the radiant beauty found in the humblest of places. Sometimes, good fences make great landscapes.’ — academichack

the entire film


All My Life (1966)
‘I can’t say that the prospect of a 3-minute leftwards pan was appealing to me, but I actually found All My Life (1966) quite relaxing. A filmmaker should never underestimate the power of a well-chosen soundtrack, and Ella Fitzgerald’s “All My Life” works perfectly, evoking a simpler time and place. I don’t see any reason why a backyard fence, examined from right-to-left, should be nostalgic in any way, but it is. The camera follows along the length of the fence, sometimes tilting upwards to take into account the bushes, and ends the film by rising up into the sky, passing a telephone wire and losing itself in the emptiness of the blue overhead. Aside from the camera movements, there’s no action and no story. Just a fence, that music, and the memory of a childhood you’d forgotten.’ — Short Cuts

the entire film


Valentin de las Sierras (1971)
‘The exquisite Valentin de las Sierras, Baillie’s ten-minute 1967 masterpiece—one of a series of extraordinary films (Quixote, 1965; Castro Street, 1966; Quick Billy, 1970) he made during the ‘60s—is structured around a well-known Mexican corrido about a man who may have been a martyr, or may have been a traitor; one way or another, life caught up with Valentin in the mountains of Mexico, and he was hanged. The warp and weft of Baillie’s film similarly contemplates celebration and hardship in those rugged, unforgiving mountains, intimately, prismatically tangling life and death in rare air and sunlight of liquid gold. Filmed in Chapala on a few rolls of Kodachrome the filmmaker bought in Guadalajara, and assembled between 1966 and 1967, Valentin de las Sierras is built of glistening, luminous abstractions and glorious, teeming sonic clamour. Baillie had begun making films in the ‘50s; in 1961, at a series of outdoor screenings behind his house in Canyon, California, he founded what would become Canyon Cinema, the San Francisco-based distribution cooperative for experimental cinema that—though currently financially imperilled, its future far from certain—remains at the heart of America’s truly independent filmmaking to this day. Valentin is the work of a mature and towering American artist, still woefully undervalued, working at the very summit of his abilities.’ — Cinema Scope

the entire film


Roslyn Romance (1977)
‘Not long after completing QUICK BILLY, Canyon Cinema co-founder Bruce Baillie disappeared from the Bay Area and ventured north to the state of Washington. First to Roslyn where he completed the extraordinary ROSLYN ROMANCE. Then to Camano Island, Baillie’s home ever since. In his own words, ROSLYN ROMANCE “seems to be a sort of manual, concerning all the stuff of the cycle of life, from the most detailed mundanery to… God knows.” The complete film is contained within the elusive HOLY SCROLLS. Therein, this is said to be merely the first and second parts of a larger work (yet absolutely remarkable in its present form).’ — Fandor

the entire film


The P-38 Pilot (1990)
‘“For the dispossessed, the excluded, the condemned, fallen from life and loving.” These words are typed across the screen at the outset of THE P-38 PILOT, Bruce Baillie’s experimental video portrait of a former pilot outraged by old age and bitter with regrets. We hear the man’s disputatious monologue on the soundtrack: “I’m not the kind of guy to end up in a slime pit… I can’t understand it, see?” Baillie, an established master of 16mm cinematography, uses the video medium to search the man’s confined space for rustling movements and leaking colors. Chet Baker sings “There Will Never Be Another You” as the filmmaker bids the pilot a peaceful adieu.’ — Letterboxd

the entire film


Introduction to the Holy Scrolls (1998)
‘THE HOLY SCROLLS was an eleven hour assemblage of Bruce Baillie’s extraordinary later work, including the complete ROSLYN ROMANCE along with DAY ASHORE, THE CARDINAL’S VISIT and an assortment of other pieces (finished and unfinished) or, as Baillie himself described it, “hitherto unseen films” made since QUICK BILLY nearly two decades earlier: “semi-edited, silent, spliced, prepared for a few special showings.” THE HOLY SCROLLS, then, was more of an event than a film. Ideally, the individual shorts will surface independently at some point. Meanwhile, we have the INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLY SCROLLS, completed in February 1998, an “introductory video with author commenting on films, video inserts from more recent life, family, etc.”‘ — Fandor

the entire film


Pieta (1998)
‘Commissioned as the trailer for the 1998 Viennale. These scenes are a one-minute, condensed version of the conclusion to my last work, MEMOIRS OF AN ANGEL. The scene of children was shot in the Philippines, including my daughter, Wind Baillie. The birds, near our home in Washington State. The concluding Pietà, with my wife Lorie and son, Keith-Kenneth, was recorded at the beach here [on Camano Island]. All the last light of day.’ — Bruce Baillie

the entire film


Salute (2014)
‘SALUTE, the first installment of Bruce Baillie’s proposed three-part final film, MEMOIRS OF AN ANGEL, chronicles (in collage form) the legendary filmmaker’s time in the Navy and beyond. The subsequent installments, NIGHT and LIGHT, are still works-in-progress.’ — Fandor

the entire film




p.s. Hey. ** JM, Hi. Maybe you saw, but the Gilliam will play Cannes and it opens in theaters in France next week, so I guess some hurtles have been bypassed. Abandoned buildings make my heart beat faster. Where I grew up, they decided to extend a freeway so it passed a few blocks from my parents’ place, and they emptied out a huge swath of houses in its path, many of them beautiful old mansions, and then it took years before they actually cleared the path and started building the freeway, so I had many adolescent years with what amounted to almost a whole ghost town of abandoned buildings to play with basically at my fingertips. The first time I ever hung out with George Miles we spent a whole day exploring and daydreaming aloud there. ** Jamie, Hey, hey! Gas we shall. I think there’s a T Rex song called ‘Life’s a Gas’, or maybe it’s by Donovan? Cool, yeah, I agree they’re love magnets. I would deeply enjoy that slow demolition. I think there should be a theme park consisting of 100s of buildings being demolished. Well, gee, I sure hope that MRI gets that motherfucker solved. That’s what they’re there for, right? Really, enough is more than enough. No, we really need to come up with a title for the TV series, and that’s Zac’s and my job. It’s just called ‘Untitled Puppet Show’ now. I feel pretty good about the script, all in all, but it’s hard to center what I think about it until we find out if ARTE wants to tear it apart or not. It’s good. It would make a very cool series. Great about your projects’ reignition. Spellcheck says that’s not a word, but fuck Spellcheck, seriously. I do very well remember about your project with Hannah’s sister and how cool it sounded and how hyped you were about it, so fantastic that that you guys met and it feels exciting. Take it easy today but have a blast with that easiness. Love like a 3 billion meter tall Xmas tree, Dennis. ** David Ehrenstein, Thanks. ‘LDP’ actually wasn’t our model, but a few people have guessed it was. Bresson in general was definitely a model. I don’t think people will make the connection, but I think if a single Bresson was a model in some way, it was ‘Lancelot du Lac’. The agent search, ugh. Like I’ve said, I’m a know-nothing about that, and my current one is very not recommendable, let’s say. Have you asked Ira Silverberg for advice? He seems to know everything. ** Chris Cochrane, Hi, Chris. Cool. Excited to see the space, and happy for old times’ sake that we’re working with good old Michael Stiller. Nayland’s on the cover of Art in America? That’s cool and quite wild. I’ll find a museum shop here that stocks it. Take care, bud. ** Ferdinand, Hi, F. Very nice to see you. Thank you, man, Super happy that it helped that old interest re-seduce you. You good? ** Tosh Berman, Thanks, T. It has a personal thing for me too, but in a different way. See: my comment to JM. And, yeah, that Keaton film. I think I’ve used a gif or two from it in my gif fiction books. Bon day! ** Sypha, He seemed scared in an impressed, intimidated way. Like confronting someone whom you suspect knows more about you than you do or something. The story that constitutes your chapbook sounds pretty cool and promising, man. Hex on any possibility of reoccurrence. ** Dóra Grőber, Hi! Glad you liked it. Yeah, CK seems way, way cool. Please give your waist my enormous gratitude and a gentle pat of encouragement to keep on keeping on. You need to sort that job vs. work thing, for sure. Can you work while on route to and fro? Anyway, that’s important to say the least. Zac and I finished Episode 3 and sent it to Gisele. Ideally we’ll meet with her today, if she’s had time to digest our edit, get her notes, revise, and that will be that, and the whole thing can be sent off! Zac’s doing okay. There’s a ton to do about belongings, funeral, burial vs. cremation, etc., as I guess there always is when a relative dies, and he’s locked into doing that, and he seems pretty okay considering. Getting the script done, off to Gisele, and so on was pretty much my whole day. Today … we’ll see. What was yours? ** Jeff J, Hi, Jeff. Yes, I loved your story in Animal Shelter a lot! Big kudos. And such a great context. I have not read the new Harry Mathews. I looked for it the other day when I was book shopping, but it seems not to have made it over here yet. Excited to. I very much look forward to seeing pix of your sculptural and installation works big time. Yes, I think Charlesworth’s wok might actually read in a blog post format. So much work I love doesn’t. I’ll try that. ** _Black_Acrylic, Hi, B. Cool, glad the work resonated. Yes on the PayPal and all other YnY progress! ** Derek McCormack, Maestro! Thank you so much, Derek! Your love is the gold standard in my book. Miss you! Lots of love, yours truly, Dennis. ** Misanthrope, Ha. Scary Sypha. That would be Trump’s nickname for him if Trump had a brain in his pea brain. Cool, glad you liked the little buildings. That wtf happens to me all the time. Usually that means something awesome is lurking in the seeming mess. Find yours. ** Steve Erickson, Hi. No, it seemed more like an impressed kind of intimation re: James. Too bad but not a huge surprise about the Schrader. I love his love of Bresson, but he has yet to show he can implement the influence without fucking it up in my book. I need to get that serpentwithfeet. Been meaning to. It’s not possible that the actor’s film is a subtly subversive commentary on the the very problems it depicts? Ha ha, sorry, my optimism strikes again. ** Bill, Hi, Bill. Cool, great, thanks. Jiri Barta … I know the name. I … don’t know if I know the work directly? Hm. I’ll go find out. Sounds most curious. Thank you, man. ** Okay. The singular films of Bruce Baillie have you covered for today if you seek excellent cover and wish it to come from this blog. See you tomorrow.


  1. David Ehrenstein

    If you don’t know Bruce Baillie today’s your chance to rectify that oversight. “All My Life” is Perfect Film — comparable to such other Perfect Films as “A Movie” and “La Jetee”

    The pic of Baillie at the top of today looks like one of Everybody’s Heartthrob Michael Avenatti.

    I recall writing to Ira Silverberg a number of years back about something. I’ll try again.

  2. Steve Erickson

    At the end of each month I do a list of the 5 best films I saw for the first time that month. CASTRO STREET topped April’s list. Unfortunately, Baillie is now in quite poor health.

    It’s possible that the actors’ film is a parody or critique of what it appears to show, but the trailer is just under a minute and if the whole feature has any subtleties, they didn’t make it into it.

  3. Steve Erickson

    Here’s my review of GODARD MON AMOUR, which I wish I had more space to write about:

  4. Jamie

    Ahoy D-burger!
    Yeah, there’s an excellent T-Rex song called Life’s A Gas that I was actually listening to as I commented yesterday. It used to make me really sad, in a nice way, when I was a wee kid.
    Nice Bruce Baillie day that I’ve only so far scratched the surface of. All My Life is one of my favourite ever films (the pull up to the sky at the end!), so I’m very much looking forward to those others. It must have been here where I first saw All My Life, eh?
    We had a Writing Gang meet last night and my submission was the first part of my illness-curtailed screenplay. It went down very well, which was pleasing as I thought the opening was the weakest part and had been a total struggle to write. So, I’m back to being enthused about that too.
    I look forward to hearing/seeing what you come up with for the TV show title. How long do you think it will be before the show gets made and can be seen? do you have a schedule, rough or otherwise?
    What else have you been up to apart from work?
    Bon Friday to you!
    Shuttle-shaped love,

  5. Dóra Grőber


    Congratulations on finishing Episode #3!! How did the meeting with Gisele go? What did she think about it? I really hope you could send it off to ARTE and you’re finally free to work on your film again!
    I wish lots of strength to Zac.

    Going back to your question: I can’t really write while I’m traveling. I find all those people around me too distracting. I don’t like wasting 2 hours every day, though, so I mostly read. As the next best thing.
    Today was… kind of busy. Usually, it’s 4 or 5 of us in the shop but today only I remained with another colleague and as I still need quite a lot of help when the customers ask about specific language books, etc., it was pretty uncomfortable when the colleague was also busy with someone. We managed, of course, it was just exhausting. We met a Brazilian woman, though, who’s here in Hungary because she’s researching her family tree and it led her here: it turned out that her grandmother was Hungarian. She got interested in the language and started to learn it – that’s why she visited the shop, she wanted to buy Hungarian language books. And – and this is why I’m telling you all this, haha, the part I found fascinating – she showed us her grandmother’s birth certificate, from 1915, which was half-Serbian, half-Hungarian. Everything was written both in Cyrillic and Latin alphabet. It was very interesting. It was amazing to hear her talk so enthusiastically about what she’s found out about her family so far.
    And how was your day? I hope it was excellent, Dennis!!

  6. Steve Erickson

    Here is my review of REVENGE:

  7. Steve Erickson

    If you haven’t heard Benjamin LaMar Gay’s DOWNTOWN CASTLES CAN NEVER BLOCK THE SUN, I’d really recommend it. For someone whom I had never heard of prior to a few days ago, this is a strong contender for my list of this year’s best albums. It’s certainly the most eclectic I’ve heard this year, combining elements of jazz, hip-hop, R&B, electronic music and folk music from about 5 different countries. Gay raps, sings and plays the cornet. The quality of DOWNTOWN CASTLES may stem from the fact that while this is his solo debut, it’s compiled from the best of 7 albums he circulated only among his family and friends. But he has a knack for putting together, say, backwards-masked percussion, snare drum rolls, washes of synthesizers, his own voice and making it sound like a much better version of what PiL were going for on THE FLOWERS OF ROMANCE (although he is definitely coming from an African-American perspective.)

  8. _Black_Acrylic

    I got an email today from Alex to say he’s leaving Yuck ‘n Yum. Which isn’t too much of a shock as I know he’s feeling burnt out after the Interregnum show in Seattle but still, it’s a lot to get my head around right now. It means that YNY is effectively over, as Morgan is being a mother in Florida and I’ll be on my own over here in Dundee.

    So there’s still work to be done. We need to get the PayPal account set up, and I discussed it today with Gayle about getting myself and Becca as signatories on there. I need to arrange all the shipping with Generator, who still have boxes of the Compendium upstairs at the gallery. And I need to finish the Yuck ‘n Yum Day for this ‘ere blog.

    But this really is it and I don’t have any clue as to what might happen next. I have a driving lesson tomorrow, I have an MS appointment at the hospital on Monday, then on Tuesday I’m away down to Leeds for a week with my family. After that, well it’s all just open sea and I’m feeling strange about everything.

  9. JM

    Ghost towns in general are such a perfect conceit. I read something about a government – Korean, I think? – constructing buildings that they deliberately left empty for some reason, like some massive economy based art project. Who knows.

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